Health

There is a very little chance of becoming ill when you travel to Myanmar. One needs to make sure that you have.

If you travel to Myanmar prepared your chances of becoming ill are very low. Make sure that you have that all of your vaccinations are current and that you are vaccinated for Tetanus, Polio and Diphtheria. Other vaccines recommended include Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B (if you are in-country for over 3 months), Typhus and Tuberculosis, vaccinations against rabies and Japanese encephalitis are also advised. Any travels from West Africa, Central Africa, Central America or South America need to present vaccinations records against Yellow Fever.

Health Risks in Myanmar

In Flight:
• Deep Vein Thrombosis: A condition that results in a blood clot forming in one of your veins, this condition can be aggravated by taking birth control pills.
• Jet Lag and Motion Sickness: Jet lag and motion sickness are conditions that are caused by being in a plane for a prolonged period of time and often result in fatigue and nausea.

In the Country:
• Cutaneous Larva Migrans: Caused by various insects who burrow beneath your skin and leave larvae (eggs). Can be prevented through insect sprays.
• Dengue: Dengue fever is a disease that is spread by mosquitoes. Results in body aches and pains, vomiting and also causes diarrhea.
• Filariasis: Caused by roundworms, manifests as skin rashes.
• Hepatitis: There are several variations of hepatitis but each causes liver problems. Can manifest as jaundice or yellowed skin.
• HIV: Sexually transmitted disease that attacks the immune-system.
• Influenza: Also referred to as the flu. Manifests as nasal congestion and sore throat.
• Japanese Encephalitis: A variation on encephalitis that causes fever, headache and malaise.
• Malaria: Malaria is a diseased transmitted by mosquitoes. There is prophylaxis medicine you can take prior to risking contact with malaria however it is controversial so you should evaluate its use with your physician.
• Diarrhea: A condition caused by a variety of things including food poisoning and influenza, manifests as loose or watery stool.
• Measles: Most people are already immunized for it in western countries. If you are not immunized already you should be before going to Myanmar. Measles is a disease that causes a rash and problems within the respiratory system.
• Dysentery: This is an inflammatory disorder of the intestine: can result in blood or the stool.
• Giardiasis: An infection of the small intestine that causes diarrhea. This occurs through contracting a small single celled organism.
• Insect Bites & Stings: Various insects exist in Myanmar such as bees and other stinging insects. Treatments in Myanmar such as anti-venom are available.
• Skin Problems: Rashes and other skin difficulties can arise from a variety of causes in Myanmar. It is best to keep skin cream handy if you think this might be a possibility.
• Snakes: There are some poisonous snakes in Myanmar, your tour guide will be knowledgeable about them and if you are entering a part of Myanmar that has venomous snakes you will be made aware of this beforehand. Anti-venom will be available.
• Sunburn: Much of Myanmar is very hot and at a high climate that can easily result in sunburn. Keep sunscreen handy.
• Rabies: Rabies can be contracted from an animal in Myanmar through being bitten. Rabies is fatal if untreated so if you are bitten by a dog, bat or other mammal you should seek treatment immediately.
• Strongyloides: Causes itching and skin irritation. This is caused ringworms.
• Tuberculosis: A disease caused by different strains of mycobacterium. Manifests as a lung infection with a heavy cough.
• Typhoid: Caused by ingesting food or water that has the feces of an infected person inside of it. Manifests as a slowly growing fever.
• Typhus: Caused by parasite, symptoms include vomiting, nausea and joint pain.
• Amoebic Dysentery: An illness that manifests itself through severe stomach pain and nausea.
• Cholera: A disease that causes skin rashes and a heavy, painful cough.
• Tetanus: A disease which can cause lockjaw, contracted through rusty metal if you are not vaccinated against it.

If you have a chronic serious disease or condition it is best to stay in the main city centers such as Yangon, Bagan, Inle and Mandalay so that you can receive the best treatment quickly in case. Make sure to always purchase medicine in a hospital after receiving a prescription, otherwise it may be of lesser quality. Medical services in Myanmar in many instances are inferior to the west. This applies especially to hygienic conditions and the progression of medical technology. It is best to seek medical attention in either Mandalay or Yangon since this i

Health Advice

• Drink plenty of fluids during the day (3 – 4 liters).
• Do not drink tab water in Myanmar. Only bottled water is drinkable.
• Do not eat unpeeled fruits, raw vegetables and ice.
• Control your personal hygiene.
• Most important: Trust your gut feeling. If you don’t like your food stop eating and do a double take when eating from street vendors.
• Bring a pullover and watch the air-condition.