Portrait of other hot spots

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Bago (Pegu)

Bago city formerly known as Pegu is less than two hours drive (50 miles) from Yangon. It used to be the ancient capital of the Mon Kings from the 14th through the 16th century being one of the major historical cities in Myanmar as it was the second Myanmar Empire. Even before that, it has long been a seat of power and flourishing trade center and the second biggest producer of paddy after Ayeyarwaddy division. Shwemawdaw Pagoda, Shwethalyaung Buddha – the Reclining Image of Buddha, Hinthakone Pagoda, The Hanthawadi Palace, Kyaikpun Pagoda, Kanbawza Thadi Palace, the Kalyani Ordination Hall, Moyingy Wetlands and resort.

Thanlyin (Syriam)

Thanlyin once called Syriam was an important trading center in the 17th century under the Portuguese Colonial Administration. The 1822 meter long bridge spanning the Bago River made it possible for the people to travel the 45 minutes drive from Yangon. One can visity Kyauktan Ye Le Pagoda (Island Pagoda) set on a tiny island in the river and can enjoy the view along with riverside market.


Twante is a small town noted for its pottery and cotton-weaving. Visitors can travel there by public car or by ferry along the Yangon River and Twante Canal. Agriculture and fisheries are the main business for the households there. Local products such as bamboo, rattans, bamboo-trays, sieves and bamboo-chairs are also produced there. As pottery is one of the main industries in this town, you can discover the age-old methods of producing well-designed, utilitarian containers of all shapes and sizes under big thatched-roof sheds on the banks of Twante Canal. You can also see many looms, as weaving is also another traditional industry. The ancient city of Twante, is not only prosperous, pleasant and beautiful but also famous for its ancient historical ShweSanDaw pagoda.


- About an hour north from the heart of Yangon
- Steeped in culture and features highly in the nation’s long history
- Local legend claims that Buddha himself had once visited the city after witnessing an omen
- Flourished as a region encouraging spiritual enlightenment, with a large number of renowned landmarks
- All the ins and outs of Yangon
- Shwethalyaung is a massive reclining statue of Buddha which dates back to 994 AD.
- Mesmerizing to see firsthand this giant 55 metre-long structure and the delicate artwork and patterns which adorn this immensely spiritual place
- Take in the relaxed and chilled atmosphere by a local reservoir near the palace
- Set in an abundance of beautiful green and tropical plant life

Other famous hot spots

Pyay (Prome)

Pyay once was called Prome is a town in Bago Region in Myanmar located 260 km (160 mi) northwest of Yangon. It is an ancient capital of Pyu Kingdom which flourished between 5th to 9th centuries known as Sri Ksetra where one will find palace site, the cylinder shaped Bawbawgyi Pagoda, Phayagyi and Payama Stupas each with a high conical dome and the Archaeological Museum. It is easily accessible by road or rail and a gateway city to Rakhine State, across the Ayeyarwady River. It is a major trading zone where all the products from Rakhine State and middle part of the country trade in and exchange with those come from the lower part of the country.


Akauk Taung

Akauk Taung Mountain still stands on the bank of Ayeyarwaddy River to the north of Pyay in Bago Region. It takes 15 minutes by boat sailing along the Ayeyarwaddy river to reach the Akauk Taung. At the end of the second Anglo-Burmese war, Myanmar and British toll-posts were situated on Akauk Taung, a toll-hill in Myanmar language side by side. All boatmen had to pay tax to both posts. All sailing boats anchored close by the hill and waited till a week-long whirlpool ceased. The sailors prayed to God by carving Buddha images on the steep cliff side during that period. The mountain was named for the crafty toll-takers from the mid 19th Century. Visitors can take remarkable photographs only from the boat which is in the middle of Ayeyarwaddy river. This is the chance to see the enchanting Burmese simple ways of life in the timeless villages which lies amidst the surrounding rice fields with yoke water buffaloes.

Kyaikhtiyo Pagoda

Kyaikhtiyo Pagoda which is popularly known to visitors as the Golden Rock pagoda is a third most important Buddhist pilgrimage site in Mon state after Shwedagon Pagoda and Mahamuni Pagoda. There is a small pagoda built on the top of a granite boulder covered with gold leaves pasted on by devotees. According to legend, the Golden Rock is precariously held in place by a strand of Buddha’s hair enshrined in the pagoda. It is this strand of hair that prevents the rock from tumbling down the hill. The base camp at Kyaikhtiyo is located 160 km by road from Yangon. From the base camp, pilgrims trek 11 km uphill to reach the pagoda platform. There is also a steep winding road for four-wheel drive cars from the base to the nearest point of 1.6 km away from the pagoda. Once you are on top, the panoramic view of the surrounding areas of hilly hinterland in haze is so truly breathtaking that you would not forget the experience and you would definitely want to come back again. Many local Burmese come to this pagoda with a spiritual goal and admire the view of the surrounding plateaus. At sunset, the rock reflects a thousand different shades of gold as one stands in awe of this gigantic and dangling Golden Rock situated ever-so gently over the edge of the summit.



The four periods of the Rakhine history stretched from the Dhanyawaddy to the Vesali, then to Le Mro and finally Mrauk-U periods. Capital of the Rakhine Kingdom, which flourished from the 15th to 18th century. Mrauk Oo can be reached by a 5 hour boat trip along the Kaladan River from Sittwe (Akyab), which is 90 minutes by air from Yangon. Mrauk-U is noted for its fort-like temples and pagodas of stone and brick, and for its statuary and relief, which are distinctive. About 8 km north of Mrauk-U is the archaeological site of Wethali, another ancient capital dating back to the 4th century.

A regular passenger boat takes hours from Sittwe to Mrauk Oo. Special speed boat with 20 seats takes only 2 hours 30 minutes. It is also accessible by road from Sittwe via Ponnakyun and Kyauktaw. Regular flights from Yangon to Sittwe take about one hour 30 minutes.



The capital of Mon State and a major trading city of the south, 300 km southeast of Yangon, Mawlamyine was made famous and immortalized by the great poet and writer Rudyard Kipling, Mawlamyine is an attractive port with a ridge of hills on one side and the sea on the other. About 300 km away from Yangon, it can be reached by road and rail or by a 40 minute flight from Yangon. Similarly Mawlamyine is a really pleasant town surrounded by mountains and blue sea. There are many pagodas and stupas in Mawlamyaine. It is well-known for its tropical fruit and cuisine as there is a saying which is Mandalay for the speaking, Yangon for the bragging, and Mawlamyine for the eating. Mawlamyine also has several sawmills and rice mills as teak and rice are transported down the Salween.



Mogoke, is well-known for its rubies so it is called the ruby land but it produces not only rubies but also other precious gems. Gems mining and sale of the precious stones are the interest of Mogoke. In the time of ancient Myanmar monarchs, offices relating to the gems industry-mining and sale of the gems were opened in the royal city. The precious stones were sold under supervision of appraisers. During the reign of King Mindon in 1216, the King directly dealt with the foreigners in sale of the gems. Since then Mogoke became the world’s famous town for its qualified rubies. Private gem traders open sale shops in Mogoke but there are also venues called “Hta Pwe” for sale of the gems. The places are called “Hta Pwe” in reference to keeping gem packets in brass trays known as “Hta”. The gem dealings are carried out only at the time the sun light is normal. Selling and buying of the gems is done twice a day once in the morning and in the evening at the “Hta Pwe” market where rubies, sapphires, ballas rubies and other multi-coloured stones are sold after paying tax on their reasonable prices. There are various types of dealers at the gem markets in Mogoke. Some of them buy only high price stones of their own selection while some of them buy only the gems they specialized, and some dealers who are experts in all kinds of valuable stones. In Mogoke gem markets there are very lovely and noble traditions which nobody had enforced them as conditions. That is no one sells imitated gems at the Mogoke market: the valuable stones are purchased at the bargaining prices whether the prices are high or low.


Lashio, 855 metres above sea level is a trading town in Northern Shan State accessible by road and by train from Mandalay to Lashio, the famous Burma Road built by the British before the War, intersects with Ledo Road leading into the Yunnan province. The interesting sites are main market in central Lashio Lay to see the various ethnic groups, Mansu Phaya - on a hill, Lashio Hot Spa with entrance fee about 5 km northeast of Lashio Gyi.


Kyaing Tong

Kyaing Tong, a small trading town in the Eastern Shan State and the capital city of the Golden Triangle Region, is situated about 1,190 km (about 1 hour 30 minutes flight) northeast of Yangon. The town is famous for its villages of several hill-tribes such as Lahu, Akha, La Mone and Shans living in the surrounding areas. There are many sites to see besides the ethnic tribes in colorful dresses. As Keng Tung lies on low undulating ground, not far from the Thai border, it serves as one of the most suitable places for eco-tourism activities like trekking, mountain-biking and adventure tours. It used to be a strongly fortified town and the remnants of a wall still remain. Today, however, it becomes an important business hub and frontier town as well as a popular tourist destination. There are regular flights from Yangon to Kyaing Tong. Visitors coming from Thailand are allowed to cross into this border town with border passes. Tachileik is also a border crossing point through which visitors from Thailand come to Myanmar. Regular air services are available between Heho, Mandalay, Tachileik and Yangon.


Myitkyina is the capital of Kachin State in Northern Myanmar. Ledo Road built by the US General Joseph Stilwell is connected to the world via China in the east and via India in the west. The road is the one of the most expensive ones in the world spending more than US $137 million in building. Interesting sightseeing are Tribal Villages Jade Mines, Myitson; the confluence of Mali and Nmai Rivers and the starting point of the Ayeyarwaddy River, 20 miles from Myitkyina, Karein Naw, Mount Hkakaborazi (the highest point in Myanmar at 5,889 metres) with its year round snow-capped peak and National Park.


Pyadalin Cave

- Largest cave in Myanmar, one of the 11,000 years old cave in the world
- Located at 10 miles west of Ywanngan Tsp., Taunggyi District, Southern Shan State
- Firstly discovered by geologist U Khin Maung Kyaw in 1961
- Can explore the pre-historic culture from Stone Age to Bronze Age
- Primitive people of Stone Age lived there for 5000 years
- Limestone reflects the light of mercury particularly the spectacular stalactites and stalagmites
- Rock paintings and mural paintings on the cave wall reflect their way of life
- 2 caves – Cave 1 – length 80 ft, width 20 ft, height 14 ft, 12 kinds of primitive paintings carbon dating 13,400 years ago are found at a height of 10-12 ft on the wall, over 1600 stone artifacts as well as many pieces of bone were found along the site and figures of sun, palms and fingers, cows and elephants
Cave 2 – length 8000 ft, width 3000 ft, height 90 ft, being the largest cave in Myanmar due to five caves in continuation inside the cave, has 6 natural open roofs
- Most suitable time to visit is winter